MT Survey for Resource Assessment and Environmental Mitigation at the Glass Mountain KGRA
Final Project Report
MT Survey for Resource Assessment and Environmental Mitigation at the Glass Mountain KGRA - Final Project Report. (PDF file, 119 pages, 12.2 megabytes).
Publication Number: CEC-500-2013-063
Report Date: March 2007
The objectives of this project were to use non-invasive methods to indirectly image the permeable geothermal reservoir geometry and mitigate the drilling costs and environmental impact of future geothermal development at Glass Mountain Known Geothermal Resource Area. This was done by more efficiently focusing exploration wells on the most promising target zones. Significant advances were achieved in three dimensional magnetotelluric imaging, allowing three dimensional imaging to be given greater weight than two dimensional imaging in interpreting the data. Magnetotellurics is a geophysical investigation technique that images the earth's subsurface by measuring natural variations of electric and magnetic fields at the surface. Magnetotelluric resistivity patterns were correlated with detailed data on subsurface temperatures, downhole resistivity logging, patterns of rock alteration zones and water entry zones from wells along geologic cross-sections. This confirmed that reservoir interpretation based on correlating magnetotelluric resistivity with temperature sensitive clay alteration was feasible. The magnetotelluric resistivity maps and cross-sections extended these correlations to undrilled areas, revealing the likely geometry of the geothermal system.
Conceptual models based on the resistivity images indicated that major northeast trending structures and the Medicine Lake Volcano rim structure form permeable zones and reservoir boundaries in the Glass Mountain Known Geothermal Resource Area. Several areas that appear to host a relatively shallow permeable reservoir were identified. The magnetotelluric interpretation also indicated that a significant part of the Medicine Lake Volcano was unlikely to host a developable geothermal resource. Depending on the resource development strategy and supporting studies, follow-up magnetotelluric surveys could be justified. The conceptual resource model derived from this study's integrated interpretation illustrates well-targeting strategies that can be reviewed with respect to engineering and environmental issues. By more efficiently directing well targeting, magnetotelluric resistivity imaging can reduce dry hole costs, as well as focus planning efforts and mitigate the environmental impacts of resource development.