Western Europe - Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG)
This region of the world is dominated by LNG regasification terminals.
The first LNG liquefaction terminal, Snohvit LNG, has recently begun operating. This facility is located in the Kingdom of Norway, above the Arctic Circle. According to recent media reports, StatoilHydro, the Norwegian offshore oil and gas producer, began geological carbon sequestration at the Snohvit field. This greenhouse gas emission reduction technology is also being considered at LNG liquefaction terminals in the Republic Trinidad and Tobago and the Commonwealth of Australia.
In an effort to reduce Western Europe's reliance on the Russian Federation's Gazprom, several LNG regasification terminals have been constructed, are under construction or have been proposed.
There are sixteen existing LNG regasification terminals spread across Portugal (also known as the Portuguese Republic), Kingdom of Spain, France (also known as the French Republic), Kingdom of Belgium, the United Kingdom, Italy (also known as the Italian Republic), Greece (also known as the Hellenic Republic) and the Republic of Turkey.
Fifty two additional LNG regasification terminal projects are either under consideration or have commenced construction throughout this region, specifically in the Republic of Albania, the Republic of Croatia, Republic of Cyprus, the Federal Republic of Germany, Republic of Ireland, Kingdom of the Netherlands, Republic of Poland, Romania, and Ukraine. Further consideration is being given to LNG by the Republic of Lithuania and in a joint project between the Republics of Estonia and Finland.
One controversial proposed LNG regasification terminal in Italy, Offshore LNG Toscana, would be located in a whale sanctuary, Cetaceans Sanctuary of the Mediterranean. The project was approved under the previous Prime Minister's term, but is being opposed by local government and environmental groups. In addition to this, the Italian government recently suspended the building permit for the proposed Brindisi LNG regasification terminal. Currently, Italy only has one operating LNG regasification terminal, Panigaglia LNG. However, the current Industry minister foresees the need of possibly four additional new regasification terminals by the close of 2010.
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