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Low Carbon Fuel Standard
In the January 2007 State of the State, Governor Schwarzenegger asserted California's leadership in clean energy and environmental policy by establishing a Low-Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) by Executive Order. This first-in-the-world greenhouse gas (GHG) standard for transportation fuels will spark research in alternatives to oil and reduce GHG emissions.
The Governor's Executive Order directs the Secretary for Environmental Protection to coordinate the actions of the California Energy Commission, the California Air Resources Board (ARB), the University of California and other agencies to develop the protocols for measuring the "life-cycle carbon intensity" of transportation fuels. This analysis will become part of the State Implementation Plan for alternative fuels as required by AB 1007 (Pavley, Chapter 371, Statutes of 2005) and will be submitted to ARB for consideration as an "early action" item under AB 32. The ARB will complete its review of the LCFS protocols for adoption as an early action no later than June, 2007. Upon adoption as an "early action" by the ARB, the regulatory process at ARB will begin to put the new standard into effect. It is expected that the regulatory process at ARB to implement the new standard will be completed no later than December 2008.
The Executive Order States:
5. The process for meeting the 2020 Target shall be as follows:
- The Secretary of the California Environmental Protection Agency shall coordinate activities between the University of California, the California Energy Commission, and other agencies as required to develop and propose by June 30, 2007, a draft compliance schedule to meet the 2020 Target.
- The Energy Commission shall incorporate as appropriate the LCFS draft compliance schedule into the State Alternative Fuels Plan (SAFP) per AB 1007 (Chapter 371, Statutes of 2005), and upon adoption shall submit the SAFP to the ARB for consideration.
- Upon submission of the SAFP, the ARB shall consider initiating a regulatory proceeding to establish and implement the LCFS.
University of California
A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 2: Policy Analysis - FINAL REPORT, University of California Project Managers: Alexander E. Farrell, UC Berkeley; Daniel Sperling, UC Davis. Posted: 8/2/07. (Acrobat PDF, 96 pages, 442 kilobytes)
University of California News Release. Posted: 8/2/07. (Acrobat PDF, 4 pages, 28 kilobytes)
A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis - FINAL REPORT, University of California Project Managers: Alexander E. Farrell, UC Berkeley; Daniel Sperling, UC Davis. Posted: 5/30/07. (Acrobat PDF, 179 pages, 1.0 megabytes)
"Getting the Carbon Out", San Francisco Chronicle, Open Forum article by Alex Farrell and Daniel Sperling, Friday, May 18, 2007, page B-11. (PDF file, 3 pages, 80 kb).
Also available on S.F. Gate on line at: http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2007/05/18/EDGKOP3EFJ1.DTL&hw=Getting+the+Carbon+Out&sn=001&sc=1000
(REVISED) Full Fuel Cycle Assessment: Well to Wheels Energy Inputs, Emissions and Water Impacts: State Plan to Increase the Use of Non-Petroleum Transportation Fuels - AB 1007 (Pavley) Alternative Transportation Fuels Plan Proceeding, REVISED Final Consultant Report #CEC-600-2007-004-REV. Original posted June 22, 2007; revised posted August 1, 2007. (PDF file, 165 pages, 1.5 megabytes)
Fuel Cycle Assessment: Well-To-Tank Energy Inputs, Emissions and Water Impacts - DRAFT CONSULTANT REPORT, publication # CEC-600-2007-002-D, posted February 16, 2007. (PDF file, 243 pages, 2.8 megabytes)
Fuel Cycle Assessment: Tank-To-Wheels Emissions and Energy Consumption - DRAFT CONSULTANT REPORT, publication # CEC-600-2007-003-D, posted February 16, 2007. (PDF file, 102 pages, 426 kb)
Full Fuel Cycle Assessment: Well to Wheels Energy Inputs, Emissions and Water Impacts - DRAFT CONSULTANT REPORT, publication # CEC-600-2007-004-D, posted February 22, 2007. (PDF file, 104 pages, 3.1 megabytes)
California Alternative Fuels Market Assessment 2006 - DRAFT CONSULTANT REPORT, publication # CEC-600-2006-015-D, posted October 6, 2006. (PDF file, 149 pages, 1.2 megabytes)