Energy Aware Planning Guide (2011 Edition)

Publication Number: CEC-600-2009-013
Date Published: March 2011

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Energy Aware Planning Guide, Commission Report
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The Energy Aware Planning Guide, developed by the California Energy Commission in 1993 and updated in 2011, is a comprehensive resource for local governments seeking to reduce energy use, improve energy efficiency, and increase usage of renewable energy across all sectors. Wiser use of energy resources can lead to cost savings for local governments, residents, and businesses; reinvestment in the local economy; improved quality of life and public health; increased compliance with state and federal goals; and a more secure future. Additionally, strategies to reduce energy consumption promote progress towards aggressive greenhouse gas reduction goals laid out in Assembly Bill 32 (Núñez Chapter 488, Statutes of 2006), California's Global Warming Solutions Act.

The Energy Aware Planning Guide presents a menu of strategies and best management practices to help local governments improve energy efficiency, reduce energy consumption through transportation and land use and enhance renewable sources of energy. Strategies explored include: transportation and land use changes; optimizing water use; building improvements; and other strategies. Each strategy section contains general plan language ideas; implementation ideas; case studies; and resources. TheEnergy Aware Planning Guide also contains supporting information and references to help local governments organize strategies into an Energy Action Plan and estimate the likely energy efficiency and greenhouse gas reduction impacts of their strategies.

Keywords: Energy efficiency, transit-oriented development, smart growth, best management practices, renewables, local government, transportation, land use, land use planning, buildings, greenhouse gases, electricity generation, adaptation planning, policy, climate change


i Preface

I Introduction

II Overview of California Energy Supplies

III Create an Energy Action Plan

A Steps to Creating an Energy Action Plan
B Energy Inventory Worksheets
C Energy and Greenhouse Gas Reduction Estimates
1 Transportation and Land Use Strategies
2 Building Strategies
3 Water Strategies
4 Community Energy Strategies

IV Meeting California's Climate Change Challenge

A State Greenhouse Gas Reduction Requirements
B Adaptation Planning

V Fully Integrated Planning

VI Energy Aware Strategies

A Land Use Strategies

1 Introduction
2 Land Use Strategies

L.1.1 Smart Growth Development
L.1.2 Land Use Diversity
L.1.3 Transit-Oriented Development
L.1.4 Design Sites for Pedestrian and Transit Access
L.1.5 Freight Movement Planning
L.2.1 Parking Pricing
L.2.2 Parking Supply Management
L.3.1 Complete Streets and Street Design
L.3.2 Street Trees
L.4.1 Bikeways
L.4.2 Bicycle Parking and Facilities
L.4.3 Pedestrian Facilities and Traffic Calming

B Transportation Strategies

1 Background: California and Federal Clean Air Acts
2 Background: Congestion Management Programs
3 Transportation Strategies

T.1.1 Transit Fare Measures and Discounts
T.1.2 Increased Transit Service and Improved Travel Time
T.1.3 Park-and-Ride Lots
T.2.1 Transportation Demand Management Programs
T.2.2 Transportation Management Associations
T.2.3 Guaranteed Ride Home Programs
T.2.4 Ridesharing
T.2.5 Carsharing
T.2.6 Telework
T.2.7 Alternative Work Schedules
T.3.1 Traffic Signal Timing

C Building Strategies

1 Introduction
2 Background: California Building Energy Standards
3 Building Strategies

B.1.1 Improve Enforcement of Building Energy Standards
B.1.2 Going Beyond State Building Energy Standards
B.1.3 Solar Energy
B.1.4 Retrofitting Residences
B.1.5 Retrofitting Commercial Buildings
B.1.6 Efficient Lighting
B.1.7 Shade Trees

D Water Use Strategies

1 Introduction
2 Background: Urban Water Conservation
3 Background: Integrated Regional Water Management Planning
4 Background: Water and Community Design
5 Water Use Strategies

W.1.1 Stormwater Reduction
W.2.1 Water Efficient Landscaping
W.2.2 Water Conservation Pricing
W.3.1 Water Reuse and Recycling
W.4.1 Efficient Wastewater Treatment

E Community Energy Strategies

1 Introduction
2 Community Energy Strategies

C.1.1 Community Energy Authorities
C.1.2 Community Energy District Financing
C.1.3 Cool Communities
C.2.1 Renewable Energy Resources
C.2.2 Distributed Generation
C.3.1 Local Food
C.4.1 Solid Waste
C.5.1 Municipal Procurement
C.5.2 Municipal Facilities
C.5.3 Municipal Fleet Efficiency

Appendix A Greenhouse Gas Emissions Factors
Appendix B Ahwahnee Principles

For more information, contact:

Monica Rudman, Program Manager
California Energy Commission
1516 Ninth Street, MS-23
Sacramento, CA 95814
Phone: (916) 654-4462

Proceeding Information

Energy Aware Facility Siting and Permitting Guide

Meeting & Workshops