California Energy Storage System Survey
California is a world leader in energy storage with the largest fleet of batteries that store energy for the electricity grid. Energy storage is an important tool to support grid reliability and complement the state’s abundant renewable energy resources. These technologies capture energy generated during non-peak times to be dispatched at the end of the day and into the evening as the sun sets and solar resources go offline, reducing dependence on fossil fuel generation to meet peak loads.
The Public Utilities Code defines an energy storage system as commercially available technology that absorbs energy, storing it for a specified period, and then dispatches the energy. From 2018 to 2023, battery storage capacity in California increased from 500 megawatts (MW) to more than 6,600 MW, with approximately 1,900 MW still planned to come online by the end of 2023. The state projects 52,000 MW of battery storage will be needed by 2045.
This dashboard presents statewide data for the first time including residential, commercial and utility-scale installations.
Energy Storage - a commercially available technology that is capable of absorbing energy, storing it for a period of time, and thereafter dispatching the energy.
Kilowatt - a measure of 1,000 watts of electrical power.
Megawatt - a unit of power equal to one million watts, especially as a measure of the output of a power station.
Data in this dashboard is obtained through a semi-annual survey of all utilities in California. There are approximately 120,000 systems surveyed as of July 31, 2023. The dataset will be updated semi-annually upon completion of each survey.
Note: Utility data on installations of energy storage systems may not be available for all zip codes. Due to variations in local permitting regulations, not all utilities reported energy storage systems as separately identifiable from a co-located solar photovoltaic system.
California legislation under AB 2514 (Skinner, Chapter 469, Statutes of 2010) encourages utilities to incorporate energy storage into the electricity grid. Energy storage can provide a multitude of benefits to California, including supporting the integration of greater amounts of renewable energy into the electric grid, deferring the need for new fossil-fueled power plants and transmission and distribution infrastructure, and reducing dependence on fossil fuel generation to meet peak loads.
California legislation under SB 846 (Dodd, Chapter 239, Statutes of 2022) requires the CEC to expand the energy almanac report to include storage resources that serve wholesale load. SB 846 also requires the CEC to report on energy resources that serve load in the Independent Systems Operator system. This dashboard meets both of these requirements.
Please cite use of these data and images. California Energy Commission [Year]. California Energy Commission California Energy Storage System Survey. Data last updated [insert date last updated]. Retrieved [insert date retrieved] from https://tableau.cnra.ca.gov/t/CNRA_CEC_PUBLIC/views/EnergyStorageDashbo…