Electric Vehicle Chargers in California
Charger counts are updated quarterly by combining CEC voluntary survey results with public and shared private chargers listed by the Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC) and PlugShare. Dashboard is best viewed from a computer. Visit full page layout of dashboard, download data, or return to the dashboard collection page.
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Chargers, often referred to as electric vehicle supply equipment, are manufactured units that safely deliver electricity to charge the battery of a plug-in electric vehicle. A charger may have one or multiple connectors.
Public chargers are located at parking space(s) designated by a property owner or lessee to be available to and accessible by the public.
Shared private chargers are located at parking space(s) designated by a property owner or lessee to be available to, and accessibly by, employees, tenants, visitors, and residents. Examples include workplaces and shared parking at a multifamily residence.
Private chargers are located at parking space(s) that are privately owned and operated, often dedicated for a specific driver or vehicle (for example, a charger installed in a garage of a single-family home).
Charging Station is a physical address where one or more chargers are available for use. A charging station can be public, shared private, or private.
Level 1 chargers use alternating current electricity at 120 volts to provide about 5 miles or less of range per hour of charging.
Level 2 chargers use alternating current electricity to charge a plug-in electric vehicle at 208 to 240 volts and can provide about 14 to 35 miles of range per hour of charging.
DC Fast chargers use direct current (DC) electricity at 480 volts to recharge an all-battery electric vehicle to 80 percent capacity in about 30 minutes, though the time required depends on the size of the vehicle battery and the power level of the charger.
Counting Method: The number of chargers represent the number of vehicles that can charge simultaneously. For example, a Level 2 charger with two connectors that can charge two vehicles simultaneously is counted as two chargers. A DC Fast Charger with two connectors that can charge one vehicle at a time is counted as one charger.
Data as of: September 30, 2022
Dashboard last updated: December 1, 2022
Public charger counts are obtained from the AFDC Station Locator managed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). State law requires station operators or developers to report data on publicly available chargers to NREL. The AFDC Station Locator has been transitioning its counting methodology since 2019. The AFDC Station Locator now counts the number of ports available to charge a vehicle rather than the number of connectors as previously counted. This results in a lower count of chargers. In addition, a phase-out of the 3G cellular network in Quarter 1, 2022 has resulted in certain chargers being removed from the AFDC. These changes are expected to smooth out over time.
Shared private charger counts are obtained from voluntary surveys issued by the CEC. The surveys are sent to electric vehicle service providers (EVSP) and non-EVSPs including public agencies and electric utilities. The surveys collect counts of shared private chargers (typically found in workplaces, multi-family housing, fleets, and other non-public venues) in the state. Due to the voluntary nature of the survey and fluctuation in data quality, the number of shared private chargers does not count all the shared private chargers in California. The CEC intends to initiate a regulatory process to obtain this data consistently.
The following entities have provided responses to the voluntary survey within the last three quarters: Blink/SemaConnect, ChargePoint, Enel X, EV Connect, EVgo, Flo, Greenlots/Shell, KITU Systems, Tesla, Department of General Services, Pacific Gas & Electric, Southern California Edison, San Diego Gas & Electric, City of Anaheim, City of Vernon, Los Angeles Department of Water and Power, Redding Public Utility, Sacramento Municipal Utility District, Silicon Valley Power. The following entities have not provided responses in the last three quarters: AmpUp, Andromeda Power, ChargeBliss, EV Box, EVCS, EVGateway, EVRUS, FreeWire, Liberty Plugins, Noodoe, Nuuve, OpConnect, PowerFlex, Rivian, SWTCH, Tellus Power, Volta, Webasto, Burbank Water and Power, Glendale Water and Power, Pasadena Water and Power, Riverside Public Utilities, Roseville Electric Utility, and San Francisco Public Utilities.
Data Sources: U.S. Department of Energy's Alternative Fuels Data Center Station Locator and CEC Counting Chargers Surveys.
Please cite use of these data and images. California Energy Commission (2022). Electric Vehicle Chargers in California. Data last updated [insert date last updated]. Retrieved [insert date retrieved] from https://www.energy.ca.gov/zevstats