New ZEV Sales in California
Note: CEC Staff have updated the methodology to determine the sale of a new vehicle in the DMV source data for 2023 and onward. More information is below in the “Additional Information about the Data” section.
Next Update: January 31, 2024
Zero Emission Vehicles (ZEV) sales are updated quarterly by conducting specialized analysis of DMV data. Dashboard is best viewed from a computer. Visit full page layout of dashboard, download data, or return to the dashboard collection page.
ZEV: Zero Emission Vehicles, includes BEVs, PHEVs, and FCEVs
BEV: Battery Electric Vehicle
PHEV: Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles
FCEV: Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles
Non-ZEV: Non- Zero Emission Vehicles
MSA: Metropolitan Statistical Area
Data as of: September 30, 2023
Dashboard last updated: October 31, 2023
Data Collection Information
- Changes to Determining a New Vehicle Sale
The DMV data does not currently identify a vehicle registration as a “new vehicle sold.” A new vehicle “sale” must be inferred by data analysis. CEC staff have updated the method for 2023 and onward to include registrations that have an odometer reading of less than 120 miles and a model year of one year before or one year after the year of the registration year. The previous method allowed registrations from older vehicles with low odometer readings, but staff have found data quality issues with this method that became problematic around 2023.
- Frequency of Historic Data Collection
Year. Prior to 2018, the DMV provided the CEC with database snapshots twice a year, in April and October. Starting In 2018, the DMV began providing quarterly database snapshots allowing CEC staff to align the sales and population counts with the calendar year. However, transitioning to calendar year causes a discontinuity in the counts from 2016 to 2017, where 2017 includes registrations from October 2016 through the end of December 2017.
Additionally, registrations of new vehicles may take up to three weeks to be processed by DMV. Thus, vehicles purchased at the end of a reporting period may not be reflected until the subsequent snapshot. This is corrected for at year-end for both population and sales by updating the January database with the April database to capture vehicles that registered at the end of the previous year.
Lastly, data to determine total light-duty vehicle sales prior to 2011 are unavailable.
- Regional Data Categories
Map Filter. Data can be reflected at the county, metropolitan statistical area (MSA), or ZIP code level. Individual registrations were assigned to a region based on mailing address, with the following exceptions:
- Out of State: vehicles registered in California with a mailing address in a different state
- ZIP Code “99999”: indicates that the ZIP code in the Vehicle Registration database was invalid
- Unassigned: remote areas not associated with an MSA
- Unknown: Invalid ZIP codes categorized under MSA
Please cite use of these data and images. California Energy Commission (2023). New ZEV Sales in California. Data last updated [insert date last updated]. Retrieved [insert date retrieved] from https://www.energy.ca.gov/zevstats.